Kos is the third largest island in the Dodecanese, home of Hippocrates, and located just three nautical miles from the coasts of Asia Minor. It is breathtakingly beautiful, where one can find not only sandy beaches and hot springs with healing properties but also a rich history and numerous monuments.

View of a church in Kos
Kos. Photo by Greg Montani on Pixabay.

Hippocrates, considered by scientists to be the founder of medicine and most likely the most important physician of ancient times, was born in Kos in 460 BC.


Kos climate is Mediterranean. It has mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers. The daily average temperature ranges from 9.5 °C in February to 25.5 °C in July.

Places to see

  • Kos Town is the island’s capital and main port, located on the northeastern side, around a vast area full of greenery and lush vegetation. Along the main pedestrian walk are plenty of cafes, taverns, restaurants, shops, and nightclubs.
  • Zia Village is 16 kilometers southeast of Kos Town and close to Asfendiou village. The main street has shops and excellent taverns. Zia is also a famous destination for fantastic sunset views.
  • Antimachia is a traditional village that lies on a plateau 23 kilometers south of Kos Town. The Venetian Castle of Antimachia dominates the village and offers a magnificent view of the island.
  • Kefalos is a beautiful town on the slopes of a hill, 40 kilometers southwest of the main town.
  • The folklore Museum in Kefalos portrays the rural way of life in the past.
  • Sanctuary of Asklepieion, where doctors examined patients with a holistic approach and looked for ways to cure and prevent illness.
  • Archaeological Museum of Kos. It contains all the findings discovered during excavations on Kos from the beginning of the 20th century.
  • The Folklore Museum of Kos (Chani) is rich with artifacts and relics of Kos’s folklore and cultural heritage.
  • The Roman Odeon.
  • The Castle of the Knights in Kos, also called Nerantzia Castle, is the only saved secular building of a Knightly period in Kos.
  • The Castle of Antimachia (Venetian Castle) is located on a small hill above Antimachia village. It was built in the early 14th century by order of the Knights of Saint John. However, work intensified at the end of the 15th century. You have lovely views of the surrounding area and the sea from the Castle.

 Things to do

  • Go to the beach. The beaches in Kos are some of the most beautiful in the Dodecanese islands. Many are sandy with crystal blue waters. Some are organized and offer plenty of tourist facilities, like Kardamena, Agios Stefanos, Kefalos, and Lambi, while others are secluded and frequented by naturists.
  • Dine. You’ll find restaurants offering everything from local Greek cuisine to Chinese and Mexican, as well as bars and nightclubs. For example, the Tavern “Elia serves a wide selection of traditional Greek specialties in a casual and relaxing atmosphere. 
  • Windsurf. There are windsurfing centers on many beaches that rent equipment and offer courses. Popular spots for windsurfing include places such as Mastihari, Kefalos, Agios Stefanos, Psalidi, and Lambi.
  • Scuba dive.
  • Horseback ride.


The cuisine on Kos consists of fresh meat, fish, vegetables, and olive oil. Seafood such as shrimp, squid, lobster, and octopus are also popular. While on the island, try some local cheeses, such as xynomyzithra, a sour cheese, and krasotyri, a spicy cheese containing wine.

As for sweets, you can’t go wrong with baklava – a sweet pastry made with layers of filo, chopped nuts, and honey.

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